Lighting fires to celebrate the spiritual significance of Imbolc

Spiritual significance of Imbolc

Celebrated on February 1st or 2nd, Imbolc comes from Celtic traditions, and marks the midpoint between the Winter Solstice and the Spring Equinox. The spiritual significance of Imbolc focuses on the celebration of a return to light and renewal. 

Because the earth is tilted, the light in one day varies throughout the Earth’s yearly journey around the sun. At this point in the year, the Earth’s Northern Hemisphere is beginning to tilt more toward the Sun. 

At the Spring Equinox in March, the amount of light and dark is in balance. This point is a milestone on that journey.  

Historical Roots of Imbolc

Imbolc (pronounced ‘im’olk) was seen to be a time to celebrate the end of winter and the impending arrival of spring. As the halfway point between winter and spring, light is returning to our lives. 

St Brigid and Imbolc

This celebration is also known to be closely associated with the goddess Brigid. Brigid comes from Celtic mythology and was also adopted by Christianity as Saint Brigid. 

Sources indicate that there was indeed a Brigid, who spent most of her time at a Monastery in Ireland. 

Brigid has come to symbolise the dawn of new beginnings, fertility, and the return of light. As a goddess of fire, she brought the promise of warmth and life, dispelling the cold darkness of winter. 

The spiritual significance of Imbolc was tied to the Agricultural Calendar

In agrarian societies, Imbolc was a crucial time as it signaled the start of a new agricultural year. It marked the period of preparing the fields for sowing and the beginning of the lambing season. 

Imbolc even means ‘in milk’ or ‘in the belly’. 


The festival of Candlemas is said to be drawn from the original festival of Imbolc, and is honoured by Christians. This festival commemorates the ritual purification of Mary, 40 days after she gave birth to Jesus.

At this time, all the candles to be used in a church are brought in and blessed. This day therefore became a mass for candles, and a time to bring the light of God into life. 

Spiritual significance of Imbolc: Renewal and purification

Imbolc is a time of spiritual and physical purification, preparing for the growth and abundance of spring. 

The celebration of Imbolc has found its place in modern spiritual practices, transcending its Celtic origins. Today, it is observed by a diverse array of spiritual communities, each bringing their unique interpretation while honoring the core themes of the festival. 

Imbolc is a time for introspection and setting intentions for the upcoming season. This time can be used for personal growth, such as meditative practices, journaling intentions, or creating vision boards, drawing on the festival’s themes of renewal and new beginnings.

Vivianne Crowley explains in her excellent book ‘Wild Once’,  that stopping to recognise these points in the year are ‘gratitude for the ever renewing life force, for nature which provides us with the means to live, for being alive, and joy for the human existence.’

Crowley goes on to say ‘When we take time to be aware of the seasonal cycles of nature…we align ourselves with the manifesting life force that stretches beyond our single individual existences’

How do you celebrate Imbolc? Modern rituals for Imbolc

A St. Brigid's cross, which is often made at this time of year and is tied to the spiritual significance of Imbolc

Traditionally, it has involved cleaning homes, lighting fires, and rituals that symbolized the purging of the old and the welcoming of the new. 

From crafting Brigid’s Cross to the practice of ‘Bridie’s Bed’, the rituals of Imbolc are steeped in symbolism. 

In modern times, these rituals have been adapted and embraced by various spiritual communities, maintaining the essence of Imbolc while infusing it with contemporary relevance. 

Spring clean

In the week up to Imbolc, we tend to start a declutter of our houses, and get rid of unwanted and old possessions. It’s also a time to perhaps tidy the garden, clean the BBQ that has sat dormant over the winter, and finally clear out the ‘crap draw’ in our kitchen. 

Making space and air for the Spring is such a lovely way to usher in the change of season. 

Fire and feasting at Imbolc

Lighting fires at Imbolc

After the chores of cleaning and decluttering are done, we then tend to spend the evening of February 1st lighting candles in the house, have a fire outside, and cook a lovely meal on the BBQ. 

Recently some of us at Cultivated Zen have also bought very small gifts for each other to be opened at this special dinner. We tend to include scented candles, small bunches of flowers, or soaps. 

Another great ritual is to write down something that you wish to let go of. This might be regret about missed opportunities, a shame about past behaviours, or not being able to accept something negative in your life. Fold up the paper, and cast it into the fire. Imagine that thing and your associated feelings being burned away and returning to the universe. 

Engage in magick and divination at Imbolc

Imbolc is tied to the agricultural calendar, as it coincided with planting of food after winter.

Festivals like this are a great time to engage in magick, and draw on the spiritual significance of Imbolc. This might mean casting spells such as Divination, to receive divine guidance from the natural world. 

This simple ritual at is a beautifully simple way to ask for guidance and answers from the universe. Give it a go and let us know how you got on with it! 

Imbolc and Nature

Rabbits are associated with earth festivals like Imbolc

Imbolc’s deep connection with the natural world is a reminder of the importance of being in tune with the Earth’s cycles. It’s a celebration that encourages an appreciation for the gradual awakening of nature from its winter slumber.

The festival encourages a deeper connection with nature, emphasizing the significance of observing and celebrating the changing seasons and the lessons they bring.

Imbolc and the weather

Groundhog, used to predict the weather at Groundhog Day, which is at the same time as Imbolc

You will be aware of Groundhog Day; the American day when the groundhog in the town of Punxsutawney predicts the weather for the next 6 weeks. If he sees a shadow, there’s more winter. This festival is actually celebrated on February 2nd. 

The predictions of coming weather at Imbolc are not new. The Beltane Fire Society writes that “Cailleach — the divine hag of Gaelic tradition — gathers her firewood for the rest of the Winter. Legend has it that if she wishes to make the Winter last a good while longer, she will make sure the weather on Imbolc is bright and sunny, so she can gather plenty of firewood.”

Plant medicine, cannabis, and the spiritual significance of Imbolc

Cannabis is used in some rituals to celebrate the spiritual significance of Imbolc

Sophie Saint Thomas is the guru of linking the use of cannabis to spiritual growth and seasonal festivals.

Her book ‘Weed Witch’ advises using cannabis and then enjoying a wonderful feast with the munchies. She also advises using this time to consider other causes and charities, and perhaps donating gifts (perhaps a good time to give away your unused possessions from the spring clean!) or money. 

Zen word on the spiritual significance of Imbolc 

Imbolc is more than a historical festival; it is a living tradition that continues to evolve and adapt, finding relevance in our modern world. The spiritual significance of Imbolc is drawn from its themes of light, renewal, and growth resonate across different cultures and spiritual beliefs, making it a universal celebration of the enduring cycle of life.

As we embrace the lessons of Imbolc, we open ourselves to the possibilities of new beginnings and the warmth of the returning light.


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